A collection of articles written by Nicole Strickland – writer and correspondent to Paranormal Underground Magazine

RMS Queen Mary: A Spirited Ship

RMS Queen Mary

A Spirited Ship by Nicole Strickland

There are very few ships still in existence that compare to the innate beauty and rich history of the RMS Queen Mary.  The RMS Queen Mary is perhaps, the most legendary liner to ever sail the oceans.  A testament to British shipbuilding, the Mary is currently moored in Long Beach, California, where it has ebbed and flowed with the tide since 1967.  I have been conducting both historical and paranormal research on the Queen Mary for 15 years.  I have been able to investigate many popular and highly traveled areas on the ship.  When I step aboard the ship’s decks, I am instantly entranced by her innate beauty, innocent aura and historical significance. 

The task of building the RMS Queen Mary represented a brave and elusive responsibility, especially in the early 1930s, as she was to be the biggest, quickest and most luxurious liner ever constructed.   With design concepts commencing in 1926, It came at a time when there was fierce competition between ship building companies in Britain, Germany, Italy and the United States. Cunard’s elderly trio of express liners, Mauritania, Aquitania and Berengaria, were eventually replaced by the Mary and her running mate, the RMS Queen Elizabeth.

For its time period, John Brown & Company, Ltd. was probably the most established shipyard on the planet.  Its origins began in Glascow in 1847.  It carried a strong reputation for building reliable passenger vessels, many for the Cunard line, as well as battleships and large liners for other companies.  In 1871, the renowned company moved to the Barns o’ Clyde (Clydebank) and in 1899, John Brown and Company, Ltd., a Sheffield steel maker, took over the previous shipyard and held the construction of the legendary Queen Mary entirely in its hands.

Completely built, the Queen Mary was equipped with many public rooms and facilities to cater to each passenger.  Art Deco-inspired, she was equipped with Sports, Sun, Promenade, Main and A-H Decks.  She had 27 public rooms, 21 elevators, three restaurants, a ball room, gymnasium, hair and beauty salons, a Turkish bath and two pools, a garage, mailing processing areas, two cargo holds, three children’s playrooms, a chapel and synagogue, writing and drawing rooms, two libraries, three lounges, three smoking rooms, a shopping area, isolation wards and a completely functioning hospital.  Furthermore, her machinery was nothing less than pure engineering excellence.  In fact, 56 different varieties of woods from all over the world were utilized for the ship’s interior rooms.   The Queen Mary’s utilization of this material was so ubiquitous, that she was given the name, “The Ship of Beautiful Woods.” 

September 26, 1934 marked the official day of the RMS Queen Mary’s launching.  More than 200,000 eager people came to watch her meet the waters.  Children even had a day off of school to witness this majestic event.  No one knew the ship’s new title. Interestingly, there were 101 suggested titles for Job 534.  People assumed the liner would be named Queen Victoria and keep up with the tradition of titles ending in “ia.”  However, as H.M. Queen Mary cut the satin cord and crashed a bottle of Australian wine against the ship’s bow, she said, “I am happy to name this ship, Queen Mary.”  She went on to say, “I wish success to her and to all who sail in her.”

The Queen Mary began her maiden voyage as a luxury cruise liner on May 27, 1936, completing successful pre-WWII and post-WWII round trip voyages from Southampton to New York City.  Many notable people, such as business moguls, entertainers and actors, have traveled aboard the Queen Mary. While sailing on the Queen Mary, passengers had the opportunities to exchange viewpoints, political beliefs and ideas, while further enjoying various amenities catering to a broad range of interests.  Furthermore, Art-Deco brilliance can still be seen throughout its inner walls. Even in retirement, the Queen Mary historic ship still remains as popular as she was the day she sailed. 

The Blue Riband is a prestigious prize given to a passenger ship with the fastest crossing on the Atlantic Ocean. The Queen Mary attained this accolade twice during her luxury ocean liner years.  In August of 1936, three months after the ship’s maiden voyage, the Queen Mary took the coveted Blue Riband prize from the Normandie, as she posted impressive quick times, both ways on the same transatlantic route.  After a stint in dry dock to receive adjustments and brand new propellers and on her 48th round-trip voyage, the Queen Mary won back the admired prize in August of 1938.  She completed the 2,907-mile westward journey in three days, 21 hours and 48 minutes, at an impressive rate of 30.99 knots The Mary held onto this accolade for the next fourteen years, until the S.S. United States achieved it in 1952. 

Arduous times lay ahead for the RMS Queen Mary.  On August 30, 1939, the Queen Maryanxiously sailed from Southampton to New York, as war was nearly imminent.  In September of 1939, war was officially declared between Britain and Germany, ultimately placing the Queen Mary in a precarious situation.  Both the RMS Queen Mary and her sister liner, RMS Queen Elizabeth, were therefore requisitioned for service in World War II.   In March of 1940, the British Government informed Cunard that the Queen Mary would be outfitted for troopship duties, lasting the length of combat.  In fact, due to the liner’s fast speeds, she was able to carry numerous servicemen from all walks of life to and from their destinations.  Adolf Hitler even had a ripe award of $250,000 out to any skipper who could sink the massive liner.  Of course, Hitler’s plan never succeeded, as The Grey Ghost consistently outsmarted the enemy.  The ship’s crew and servicemen should be remembered for their diligence in keeping its hull and inner walls afloat. 

The RMS Queen Mary, alongside her sister ship, the RMS Queen Elizabeth, have contributed to the World War II allied forces in so many unimaginable ways.  Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill said, “Built for the arts of peace and to link the old world with the new, the Queens challenged the fury of Hitlerism in the battle of the Atlantic.  Without their aid, the day of final victory must have unquestionably been postponed.”  

The RMS Queen Mary’s sailing success was not without tragedy, as the liner nearly endured her end of days while sailing the oceans.  The worst tragedy occurred on October 2, 1942 as the Queen Mary was making her way across the oceans. She accidentally struck her World War I British escort ship, the HMS Curacoa, as both ships were involved in a mandatory zigzag motion to avoid obliteration by the enemy.  Tragically, over 300 Curacoan sailors drowned as a result of the accident. Unfortunately, due to strict Navy orders, the Queen Mary could not stop to rescue the surviving men. All she could do was throw out life preservers for men to use as a floatation device. The Curacoa met the bottom of the ocean within five minutes.  Tragically, many of its sailors’ phantom calls for help can still be heard to this day in the R Deck Forward area of the ship. 

The Mary once again evaded disaster when she sailed into Trinidad to refuel.  A German submarine sailed into Trinidad and actually sunk two idling vessels. If the Mary had not received an urgent coded message to leave port and alter her route, she, too, would have met her demise at the bottom of the ocean.  In 1941, both sister liners traveled through the hot climates of the Indian Ocean and Red Sea without air-conditioning.  The lower decks would reach a stifling triple digit temperature. Therefore, numerous men suffered physical ailments brought on by the oppressive heat.  Arguments and gang warfare consistently transpired.      

The Mary, once again, encountered two more near catastrophic events. German and Italian spies uncovered the Mary’s whereabouts and transmitted this information to U-boats situated off the Brazilian coast. Once again, with luck on her side, allied forces intercepted the message and changed the ship’s route. An oil tanker was obliterated as it departed the port at the exact time the Queen Mary was scheduled to leave the port.  Averting tragedy, the ship commenced her 3,300-mile venture to Cape Town in March of 1942. 

Then, as the Queen Mary rapidly pushed onto South Africa, a life-threatening fire erupted on B Deck, just underneath the liner’s bridge. This two-hour flame fest was ignited by faulty electrical insulation.  As the smoke and flames reached the bridge, every crewman performed his duties perfectly.  Thus, no one was mandated to abandon ship.  Once again, the Queen Maryprevailed.  

Post World War II, the RMS Queen Mary returned to luxury as an extravagant vessel, where many people could relax, vacation and enjoy her ornate and gorgeous ambience, as well as the abundance of onboard activities.   As previously mentioned, quite a few celebrity names have touched upon her decks during her reigning days on the seas.  Long Beach, California has been the Queen Mary’s docked home since 1967.  Thousands of visitors flock from all over the world each year to visit the RMS Queen Mary in Southern California.

The RMS Queen Mary is equipped to fulfill the curiosity of many people, from children to elderly adults.  She is loaded with many attractions, shops and various dining options.  The Queen is home to annual events, various tours and a variety of ongoing and seasonal attractions.  She has a variety of gift and souvenir stores that cater to those who love to shop.  For those who love art, the ship still houses some of her original Art-Deco pieces.  She also features great sightseeing views from her Promenade and Sun Deck areas.  The ship wouldn’t be Queen without featuring award-winning restaurants, gratifying the pickiest of eaters.  The Mary is quite the entertainer, as she has even been home to various television and movie productions.  There is even a great hotel onboard for those who want to spend the night on the Queen.  Passengers have the option of staying on A deck, B deck or M deck.  There are many different cabins available ranging from small twin bed cabins to luxurious first class staterooms. 

Today, the Queen Mary is noted as the 6th most haunted location on our planet. Considering her history, it is no wonder why she has this statistic.  There are some theories for why the liner has so much spiritual energy. History and the paranormal share a deep kinship.  Ghosts and spirits seem to be attracted to places that have experienced a lot of emotion, tragedy and death.  There seems to be a connection between sentimental states and psychokinetic energy.  Scientifically, water is a natural conductor for electricity and the ship sits in a body of water.  Furthermore, she has elements that contain spiritual energy, such as quartz, iron and bronze. Inanimate objects, such as antiques and personal belongings, may also explain why a location becomes paranormally active. The Queen Mary holds numerous artifacts and original furniture pieces. It is theorized that some energies are attached to a particular object.  Places that contain portals and vortexes are also known to house ghostly energy.  Portals and vortexes are kind of difficult to explain and understand.  Generally speaking, a portal allows spirits to travel from the living world to the spiritual world.  Think of it like a bridge connecting two planes of existence.  You guessed it:  the Mary is said to house at least one portal in the women’s changing room, located in the former first and third class pool.  Additionally, the ship seems to have some kind of psychokinetic influence where visitors from all over the world project their emotions and excitement on the ship.  In my opinion, I do believe that there are other, more elusive reasons as to why the Mary is so paranormally active.  Perhaps, the mortal world is not meant to understand them. 

People experience many different types of ghostly energy on the ship.  There are numerous visual sightings of apparitions and shadow figures.  Individuals experience disembodied voices, cold spots and many personal accounts of the paranormal.  There seems to be an equal amount of both residual and intelligent spiritual energy. In my experience aboard the vessel, and having investigated numerous locations throughout California and even out-of-state, I believe that the Queen Mary is the most active location I have ever researched. The historic ship is a mecca for paranormal researchers and a huge capacitor for spiritual energy. As moths are to a flame, spirits are to the Queen Mary!  

Since I have been investigating the ship for so many years, I have been able to develop a rapport with some of its resident intelligent energies.  There is one little spirit that I want to discuss in particular.  Her name is Jackie.  There are many theories attempting to understand her origins; however, no one really knows where she comes from.  I will say that there is no forensic evidence that proves a little female child by the name Jackie passed away on the ship.  None.  With that said, it leaves many of us with questions about her:  Was she a stowaway that somehow got lost aboard the ship?  Was the name “Jackie” a middle name suggesting why she wasn’t recognized in the passenger manifests?  Did she ever travel the RMS Queen Mary with parents and other siblings? Or, was her dad one of the many servicemen fighting for freedom during World War II?  Has she come through one of the alleged portals?  Is she somehow the Queen Mary’sinnocent voice?  Has Jackie been chosen to be the Queen Mary’s spiritual ambassador?  These questions and a lot more, are ones that investigators and researchers have tried to answer.  

Even though she displays typical childlike tendencies, I do believe that Jackie is a highly evolved spirit that has many ethereal duties on the Queen Mary.  I have had numerous personal accounts with her, as well as captured evidence of her introducing herself as “Jackie.”  She loves to interact with guests and is highly talkative.  I have had the honor of seeing her spirit twice in the former first and third class pool, where she is most commonly experienced.  

Visitors can have a ghostly encounter in any area of the ship. Many people report the phantom smell of strong cigar smoke right outside British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill’s suite.  There have been reports of disembodied conversations and screams on various decks.  The Queen Mary’s curious ghosts also like to knock on passenger doors and walls throughout.   Phantom footsteps, sounds, smells and voices can be heard from anywhere on the ship.  You name the ghost and the Queen Mary most likely has it.  For ghost seekers alike, the Queen has various paranormal tours, where passengers can embark on the ship’s paranormal hot spots. 

The RMS Queen Mary isn’t just a ship, she’s a legend: a legend with a beautiful spiritual aura.  She definitely speaks of a nostalgic and bygone era.  There were many people from different walks of life who traveled the oceans on the Queen.  The RMS Queen Mary has navigated folks who might not see the next day’s beautiful sunrise all the way to those folks who saturated themselves in her luxury and extravagance.  Thus, the ship is home to various impressions left from her former crew and passengers, some who are still trying to find their way home.  Her inherent beauty, nostalgic character and abounding history will remain in the heart and soul of her visitors forever.  

For more information about the RMS Queen Mary, you can visit her website at or you can call her directly at (562) 435-3511.  You can also visit my website,

Living Realm Influence On Paranormal

How Does the Living Realm and Our Natural Environment Cause and/or Contribute to Paranormal Activity?

Approaching paranormal research is the same as approaching a noncomplete puzzle.  You have pieces scattered about and it takes careful thought and determination to find the matching pieces and put them together.  Even though some connect, the puzzle isn’t completely finished until all portions fit together to create one unified product.  With paranormal research, you are testing theories and applying unique experimentation that may or may not help to explain the cause(s) of anomalous phenomena.  It’s important to use creative and constructive thinking during this process; perhaps, consider other rationales to explain the answers we’re seeking. 

Suggestibility and Bias

In my professional opinion, one area that is often overlooked in the paranormal investigation and research arena is how the living realm causes and/or influences anomalous phenomena.  Let’s face it: we can’t know about supernatural occurrences without mortality attempting to explain and define it.  This begs me to ambivalently ask this question:  is a paranormal case study ever without bias and power of suggestion?  In other words, many notable haunted locations have been talked about, explored and investigated over time by many people from all walks of life.  Each person that has witnessed ghostly activity, conducted a case study or casually observed something otherworldly at a specific site has already contributed to bias.  Just think about the various data, personal encounters and eye-witness testimony that’s been documented at supernatural-infested locales via mainstream media, books, articles, lectures, etc., for the casual observer or seasoned researcher to access.  I am not even going to discuss the entertainment industry’s contribution to affecting one’s belief about the paranormal. 

However, I will mention how it’s recently suggesting that spiritual beings are entities to be feared through the various shows and movies about demons and malevolent creatures.  Due to this spread into the conscious and subconscious, more and more paranormal groups are receiving e-mails and calls from home owners and/or renters complaining of a demon in their home.  This just goes to show how easily a human being is swayed into believing one thing or another.  What’s interesting is how a person may truly believe that his or her encounters and description of occurrences are real, even when they’re proven otherwise.  Sometimes, people are so cemented in their beliefs that they will refute any evidence to the contrary.

What often happens is that people train their minds to formulate a consensus of what’s going on that is solely based on someone else’s work and research.  Now, some of this research may be accurate and something that is worthy of knowing; however, much of it can be polluted, false information originated by various human filters – religious predisposition, belief or lack thereof, personal baggage or psychological states of mind, to name a few.  Even certain personality traits could predispose certain individuals to attributing a noise at night to a ghost or spirit.   California’s Chapman University even released a survey that found that those who are generally scared are more likely to believe in the supernatural.  I am not suggesting that we ignore others’ opinions, findings or beliefs.  I highly advise that individuals apply their own analysis and scrutiny and then see if it matches what others have discovered.

If you rely on what others say or document in regards to paranormal phenomena, you may not always get genuine evidence. 

It’s important for people to conduct their case studies critically and conscientiously, while keeping others’ findings close at hand, should they need to refer to them.  It’s good to have a variety of data – whether proven genuine or not – on hand; as in the end, it can be helpful in regards to attempting to put the pieces of the unknown puzzle together.  But, solely relying on what others’ say can skew what is actually going on, especially if it’s not accurate.

Let me give a couple examples:  a group of individuals walk into a supposed haunted building with uncurbed excitement and gadgets ready to be utilized.  After some time exploring the premises, one person reports feeling a foreboding presence.  Soon after, this feeling extends to everyone involved.  Maybe this is power of suggestion (most likely is) or truly a powerful entity making itself known to all the explorers in the group.  In the field of paranormal research, it is typically recommended to notate subjective material only to be disclosed after the investigation is completed to corroborate intuitive impressions and/or personal encounters.

How do you explain the numbers of paranormal incidents skyrocketing around Halloween?  Of course, some of it can be explained by the thinning veil between our world and the next.  Many people do experience heightened psychological states during this time, which affects how they perceive and react to certain anomalous phenomena.  When your senses are overloaded by ghostly stimuli as presented during September and October, it’s only natural that a person will become hyper-focused on it.  The mind is a mysterious vessel as it constantly tries to make logical sense out of its environment. 

There are numerous YouTube videos about a certain residence in the United States that has been claimed to be haunted after a murder.  In these videos, people have examined police body cam footage and document having heard certain EVPs or electronic voice phenomena.  Some also report seeing apparitions and shadows in the home.  Whether this is true or not, those that have no prior knowledge of the case will be subjected into believing these alleged paranormal claims by watching these videos.  So, they are trained to look for just those anomalies, potentially missing authentic types that may showcase.   Those that are gullible and believe everything they see and hear without in-depth analysis and critical thinking will be further duped by allowing these videos to enter their conscious.  This creates a snowball effect where more and more videos are produced that spread erroneous information.  When this happens, a false haunting takes place or one that is psychokinetically engineered by the human mind.  


Let’s take a moment to examine psychokinesis (PK) more closely.  In the movies, those noisy cabinets that seemingly move by themselves are said to be caused by a curious ghost.  While this may be the case with certain situations, PK energy doesn’t have anything to do with the deceased at all as it originates from living human beings.  In 1914, author Henry Holt in his book, On the Cosmic Relations, first discussed psychokinesis in more depth.  He explained that psychokinetic situations occur when an individual’s psychic aptitudes are able to influence the movement of a physical object without any physical assistance. Over the years and after studies into this perceived psychic ability, there remains a lot of controversy regarding its scientific veracity as it is said to violate some laws of physics, be the result of a person’s professed ability to cause such events or entirely simulated using magic skills.

Psychokinesis and projected thought forms go hand-in-hand in my opinion. Since we’re made of energized cells, it makes sense that our thoughts are, too. A mere thought can take on its own life form if enough power and intention are focused on it. If you critically think about it, this could be one of the contributors of why there’s an influx of the living and spirit world interacting with one another.  It can also be the cause of why there are so many reported hauntings and inflows of supernatural activity.  Across the globe, are all the documented paranormal happenings truly genuine paranormal occurrences or are some of them created by the human mind, whether it’s via psychokinesis, tulpas or living thoughts, or through pure imagination?

Day and night, there are paranormal case studies occurring across the planet.  I am not doubting that this is consistently waking up the afterlife and providing the impetus for it to interact with those in the physical world. It’s synonymous to a revolving door at a department store; as it keeps moving and operating in a circular fashion, so do the living and departed as they come in and out of each other’s existence.  However, it’s important to sift through potential false hauntings and imagined supernatural phenomena and understand how they are created.

Let’s look at some other factors that could cause false positive hauntings and invented paranormal phenomena.  What percentage of reported anomalous activity from around the world is linked to one or more of the following?  This would indeed, be a very intriguing and mind-opening study; one that showcases that not all reports of paranormal occurrences are truly, paranormal.


In 1980, engineer Vic Tandy claimed that Infrasound could be the cause of observed paranormal phenomena.  It specifically refers to low-frequency sounds vibrating from 0.1 to 20 Hz, just under the level of human hearing.  Infrasound is utilized in monitoring seismic activity and for locating artillery in World War II, for example.  Tandy discussed in his paper “Ghost in the Machine,” that he worked in a laboratory noted for its spooky vibes. He also discovered that the low-frequency vibrations further caused dizziness, fear and blurred vision.  Individuals reported feeling anxious and on edge there; however, these apprehensive feelings subsided when a fan putting out noise at a frequency of 19 Hz was shut off.  Tandy conducted experiments at several haunted locales.

Sleep Paralysis | Hypnagogia | Hypnopompia

Authentic visitation from the astral plane should not be confused with sleep paralysis, which is more or less a physical phenomenon. Simply put, sleep paralysis is a feeling of being awake but unable to move your body. It usually occurs during one of two states: the hypnagogic or when you are falling asleep (predormital sleep paralysis) phase or the hypnopompic state or when you are waking up (postdormital sleep paralysis). The dreamer is typically not aware that he or she is dreaming but instead thinks he or she is awake in the bed. During this time, you may be unable to move your body for several seconds or even up to a minute. Other symptoms may include a sense of pressure, a feeling of choking and/or seeing a presence standing over you. You may not be able to speak; however, you are fully aware of what’s happening. During an episode, a person may also experience the sensation of falling, floating, flying or leaving their body (out of body experience or OBE).

Sleep paralysis will usually end on its own terms, when someone touches you or you make a conscious effort to move. It may accompany other sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy, disturbed night sleep, slumbering during the day, etc. Sleep paralysis may also be caused by certain medications, substance abuse, medical condition(s) and/or mental health disorders, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Sleep deprivation or times of intense physical and emotional stress may trigger an episode.

Many sleep researchers believe that this condition may be a sign that someone is not adequately moving through the stages of sleep. It is rarely connected to a psychological problem or mental illness. For hundreds of years, people have described sleep paralysis as experiencing some evil force or entity; in fact, almost every culture has reported this phenomenon and the belief that someone is being attacked by some shadowy, malevolent specter. Although it may seem that a supernatural force is attacking you during this stage of sleep, a paranormal origin is quite unlikely. Reality and fantasy mesh together during an episode with lucid dreaming potentially intensifying. Some people will mistake sleep paralysis for alien abductions as its identifying symptoms often mimic abductee reports. It often affects people in their 20s or 30s.

It is recommended to get at least six hours of sleep, but preferably eight to ten. If you have recurrent episodes, talk to your physician as he or she may refer you to a sleep study specialist. Sleep is a fundamental human need; without it, we would not be able to effectively function. When we slumber, we cycle through phases of NON-REM and REM (rapid eye movement). The REM phase happens around 90 minutes after you fall asleep. The first phase may last around ten minutes with each additional one lasting longer with the final episode lasting 60 minutes. Heart rate, breathing and brain activity are more active in this state. During REM, we are dreaming as our eyes move about in different directions. NON-REM comes first followed by a shorter duration of REM; then the cycle repeats itself. Our body’s organ systems repair and rejuvenate during deeper levels of NON-REM.

Is it possible to have a true paranormal encounter or visitation from the other side during sleep paralysis? It’s feasible and certainly should not be ruled out. This is especially the case with the aforementioned predormital and postdormital states of sleep mainly because our inhibitions are lowered while in these phases.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Yes, even the slightest carbon monoxide leak can cause people to have symptoms that mimic paranormal encounters.  Various symptoms can be caused from a CO leak, which include hallucinations, sleep paralysis episodes, apparition sightings, feelings of unease or weakness, headaches and nervousness.  There have been many instances of resolved CO leaks, which resulted in a cessation of all perceived paranormal activity and physical symptoms.

Electromagnetic Field and Electromagnetic “Fear Cages”

One can’t talk about paranormal research without discussing the effects of EMF or the electromagnetic field.  An EM field is caused by increasing electric charges, which proliferate at the speed of light.  The EM field basically exists everywhere.  Electronic devices emit readings, some of which are very high, which can affect those who are sensitive to EMF.  In fact, EMF sensitivity can produce a variety of symptoms, ranging from flu-like feelings, headaches, anxiety, hallucinations, nausea, fear, heart palpitations and the sense that you’re being watched by an unseen presence.  A “Fear Cage” is an area of highly concentrated EMF, which can cause perceived supernatural occurrences for those who stand in its path.  So, when sifting through all the objective and subjective data from a paranormal case study, it’s warranted to examine EMF and its effects on humans.

Certain Psychological Disorders

It’s commonsense that certain psychological disorders can either affect how a person perceives and reacts to ghostly activity or cause someone to exhibit symptoms that mimic actual paranormal occurrences.  Various psychiatric medications as well as others (including illegal substances) can cause a person to experience a false paranormal encounter.  Schizophrenia can produce delusions or false beliefs that are not based in reality or hallucinations, which cause a person to see or hear things that don’t actually exist.  In the beginning phase of Schizophrenia, symptoms of it can easily go unnoticed by friends and family.  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (a psychiatric injury) and trauma can be linked with perceived paranormal activity.  It can cause hypervigilance or being overly alerted to one’s environment, which may contribute to imagined visual, auditory or tactile encounters.  Epilepsy and certain seizure disorders can cause situations that mimic supernatural activity and the list goes on.

In my opinion, continuing scientific studies are needed to understand the brain functions during a supposed or genuine paranormal incident.  For example, let’s say that there are numerous reports of similar activity at a location from different people.  But, then a few reports of activity come in from people that don’t match what the majority of others have documented.  Maybe these are accurate and maybe they are not.  It may be beneficial to further explore these individuals to see if they are dealing with any psychological disorder, medication use, sensitivity to EMF, etc.  Perhaps in doing so, it can unearth a discovery that can potentially explain how and why these few people reported phenomena that strongly differed from the norm.

Closing Thoughts

In my opinion, there needs to be a standard, universal protocol for all paranormal researchers to follow.  Conducting a case study should involve careful scrutiny of not just the reported / witnessed anomalous phenomena at a location but also the living human beings who step foot on its premises.  This will unearth a whole new set of observations, opinions, and questions that can lead to further unlocking the secrets to supernatural phenomena.  Hopefully, this will enable investigators to better distinguish between real activity versus that which is created by the erroneous or the imagined.

Reference:  Strickland, Nicole. The Afterlife Chronicles: Exploring the Connection between Life, Death and Beyond. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2021.